Primary Item Completed - Addendum & Gallery Available
The Book - "TROOPER 2"
The blue 1946 Chevrolet Coupe pulled over to the curb in front of the A&P Store, and a State Trooper alighted from the driver’s door. He looked around Main Street of the small Indiana Town and noticed a number of familiar sights, including the garage where he had watched one of his boyhood heroes, Walter
"Hot John" Eckert, an Indiana Trooper in the 1930’s, fill his State Police Motorcycle with gasoline, from the garage’s "Standard" gasoline pump.
It was mid January in Osgood, Indiana, and the Trooper was dressed in the Indiana State Police Department winter uniform; that included the Eisenhower jacket, blue Stetson uniform hat, blue wool shirt with light blue tie,
breeches, black leather boots, and a black leather gun belt with cross-draw holster for the six-inch Colt Revolver.
A State Police Silver Badge, number two hundred and seventy five, was pinned over his left jacket pocket. The Chevrolet Coupe was his, as Indiana Troopers with nine days experience were not issued patrol vehicles.
Our Personage paused, for a moment, then entered the door to the A&P Store, where a "father" saw for the first time, his son in a State Police Uniform. The "shared pride" at this meeting was evident, and they embraced for a moment, but little did the Trooper know his father would not survive a heart attack, only fifteen months after this January 1948 meeting at the A&P.
This day belonged to the twenty-one-year-old from Osgood’s South Sycamore Street who had returned from duty in the United States Army Air Corps, and following Army Service, entered Indiana University and earned a Two-Year Certificate, from the University’s Institute of Criminal Law Administration.
After completing college, the Indiana State Police Department took him before the Indiana Supreme Court Chief Justice, who would swear him in as Indiana’s newest State Trooper. Not on that day, nor at the A&P, could the new Trooper have envisioned the path history would carve for him in the years to come.
The Road From Osgood To Madison
- The Text Will Continue But "Pauses" To Present Visuals -
1930's - Ripley County Troopers:
- Boyhood Heroes -
Walter "Hot John" Eckert|
Osgood's Walter Eckert was a State Police Department Pioneer, having joined the Department in the early 1930's.
He is mentioned in the "Preface" on this page. Warren Taflinger, a Jeffersonville native, was assigned State Police duties in Ripley County in 1937. Both were role models.
First Formal Inspection:
The Connersville Post
Photograph taken by Richmond Palladium Item Newspaper Reporter, covering a story about Indiana State Troopers, from Post #6, working in the Palladium's South Eastern, Indiana publication area.
Left to right - Lieutenant Hollenbach, State Police Superintendent Thurston, Captain Thompson. Detective Petro, Corporal Forst, Troopers: Bever, Schaeffer, Cline, Sheets and Melvin.
Long Arm Of The Law In Franklin County, Indiana:
Franklin County (Brookville)
Taken by a bystander, after State Police Camera was set on a tripod. The photo was featured in the Brookville, Indiana Weekly Newspaper and has been reprinted in several Police Publications.
Left to right - Brookville Police Officer Rottinghaus, Brookville Chief of Police Seibert, County Sheriff Hixon, County Deputy Drewes and Trooper Cline.
The Early Years - On Patrol In Franklin County:
Fatal Crash - US#52 - Franklin County
Killed in this crash on US#52, a Minister's Wife from Indianapolis, and we see our Trooper struggling with an antique 4X5 box camera that required removing the Uniform Hat and dialing in the photo, on ground glass, with head under a focusing cloth.
Photo by a passing commercial photographer.
1949 National Police Photography Contest Winner:
"Gasoline Tanker Burning" on US#52 in Franklin County, Indiana - West of Metamora.
The Photograph was taken by Connersville Trooper Cline and submitted by Technician Frank Benz.
1953 - Promotion And Assignment:
State Police Corporal
Unit #275 is promoted to Corporal/Technician and assigned to the Criminal Investigation Division at the Connersville State Police Post - Shown standing at the front door of Post #6 - The "Car Number" is now 6-5, and the Star on the Blouse Sleeve represents 5 Years Service.
The Department Designation - PE 248.
Fraternal Organization Membership:
Stepping away from Police Duties and into the Fraternal World, PE 248 dons the recognizable hat of the Masonic Lodge Master, after working his way through the Chairs of Brookville's Harmony Lodge #11.
Often going directly from duty assignment to the Lodge, as the photo indicates.
The Middle Years - Fighting Crime:
"Latent Fingerprint Search"
The photograph was taken by a reporter of the Richmond Palladium Item newspaper at a bank robbery in rural Wayne County, Indiana. It depicts a latent fingerprint search at the "teller's cage" where the bank robber had "vaulted" over the counter to clean-out the money drawer.
In "pre-interstate-highway-days" bank robbery was a crime where proper crime scene investigation, plus the State Police Road Block System set the stage for an exciting, and often sucessful, conclusion to rural bank robberies.
- Text And Photographs Continue -
"Thank You Connersville" - Not The Tom T. Hall Version:
A few years ago, Tom T. Hall, a "Hall-Of-Fame" Country Music Songwriter, wrote a tune called, "Thank You Connersville" - The Song was Tom T. Hall's way of thanking Connersville, Indiana for providing him with the "Base" to launch a successful music carreer. If this writer had sufficient song writing talents, he would surely pen a tune called, "Thank You Connersville State Police Post" -
Thank you for the "Base" to launch a State Police Career.
Connersville State Police Post
In the coming book this era will fill many chapters, but for Mandy's Moment,
she's behind this Item you know, Connersville Days will be condensed.
Arriving in January of 1948, we found the Connersville Indiana State Police Post to be barely 10 years old, having been built by WPA labor in 1938. Soon after our day of arrival, Lieutenant Elmer Hollenback called all Connersville Units to a Signal 29 Post Meeting, to meet their newest Trooper in 6 years.
Can you imagine the feeling, sitting in the Squad Room with your boyhood heros, wearing the same uniform, and knowing these men would, this day, begin the design for your future?
The Connersville Post - January 16, 1948:
Lieutenant Hollenbach, First Sergeant Phipps, Sergeant Pickering, Corporal Forst, Technician Benz, Detective Sergeant Cox, Detectives Petro and Cord.
Troopers: Behlmer, Bever, Cline, Dillon, Huelson, Longstreet, Melvin, Neal, Osborn, Powner, Schaeffer, Schwendenmann, Sheets, Short, Taflinger, Tague and Woods.
Other Connersville Post Personnel were: Radio Operators Lohr, Rummell and Vayhinger, along with Mechanic Jackson. There were no Clerks and no Janitor. Troopers doing Post Duty were the Janitors, and the Sergeant and the Corporal were the Clerks. Trooper Neal was assigned radio duties the majority of his time.
Responsibility: Twelve (12) Counties in South-Eastern, Indiana.
Who Were These Men? - You Are About To Find Out:
The State Police Officers, at the Connersvlle Post, that date in January of 1948, were both "Founders & Pioneers" of the State Police Department, and we'll select two examples for this segment: Lieutenant Elmer Hollenback and Trooper Jake Neal.
Hollenback and Neal joined the State Police in 1933 and rode Indian Motorcycles
to police Rural Indiana, even chasing the Notorious Dillinger Gang as it moved from "Bank to Bank" seeking the benefits of yet another holdup.
- Mooresville Snapshot -
The Connersville Troopers and their Comrades laid the Indiana State Police Department's Foundation, battling the Gangster Era, along with local crime and traffic issues, so those who followed in 1935, 1937, 1942 and even 1948, could join a Department built upon Courage, Dedication and Respect. They were my Mentors.
A Brief Look Into The Past:
Following (WWII) enlistment into the United States Army Air Cops, we found "references" to both Dillinger and the Indianapolis 500 Mile Automobile Race as our assignment changed from one location to another.
The first inquiry to a New GI is, "Where Are You From?" - When my answer was, "Indiana" - The reply was, always, "That's the Home of John Dillinger and the 500 Mile Race" - Nice to be Tagged!!
- Keesler Field, Mississippi -
Hoosier Army Air Corps Enlistee
We'll have a lot, and I mean a lot, to say about the Indy 500 as we "move on" - Dillinger; I could tell about his brother, a State Police Mechanic, working on my "1946 Ford Trooper Car" at Stout Field? - That's Ironic!!
Meanwhile - "Back To The Future" - State Police Mentoring:
It went like this -
In 1948, and for many years, Indiana State Police Posts had "upstairs"
sleeping accommodations, and each Trooper in the District "pulled" Post Duty a couple of nights each month; which meant, arriving at the Post on your assigned night at 4:00PM, answering accident, crime, and service calls needing the presence of a Trooper, in the vicinity of the State Police Post.
Rookie Troopers lived at the Post and accompanied Post Duty Officers on all calls, plus they were assigned training patrols with each District Trooper for several months; prior to their moving to a county-assignment with their (own) issued State Police Commission.
In "Post" World War Two Years, the Indiana State Police used any automobile available for their Enforcement Personnel - Even Two-Door Ford Coupes, and our next photo, we believe, is the earliest one available of the "newly assigned" Franklin County Trooper and Car 6-7.
- From Snapshot By Sam Loos-
At The State Line - West Harrison, Indiana
We are indebted to so many, it is impossible, for this Item, to name each one individually - Perhaps some will be mentioned in future Sections?
Next "Car 6-7" Encounters John Dromo:
Once in a while there's an opportunity to make a difference -
It was nearly 2:00AM and Franklin County's "newly assigned" Trooper received a telephone call from the Connersville State Police Post sending him to investigate a disturbance at the 5-H Truck Stop near West Harrison.
While the Trooper was driving south-east on US#52, tire marks were noticed exiting the roadway and going into a ravine on the south side of the Highway.
The Trooper stops to investigate, before proceeding to the 5-H Truck Stop, and finds an automobile down over the embankment. He never makes it to West Harrison - For climbing down into the deep ditch and examining the automobile, it revealed a seriously injured driver who seemed to be suffering from a punctured lung. An ambulance was summoned, and the Trooper instructed the driver to take the injured man to a major hospital in Cincinnati.
The accident vicitm was John Dromo - 1939 Varsity-Squad Graduate of John Carroll University of Cleveland and now Head Coach of the University of Louisville, Kentucky. Coach Dromo, who had been to an evening speaking engagement, survived his critical injuries. Mrs. Dromo followed her husband's recovery, with a "thank-you" letter to the Indiana State Police.
- John Carroll University Sketch -
A "difference" was made -
Riding The Wabash Cannon Ball:
Well - It wasn't the "Wabash Cannon Ball" Roy Acuff sang about -
However, a song of this era proclained "Leavin' On A Jet Plane" was the way to go, but our ride, prior to leaving Brookville for Richmond, was in the Engine-Cab of a New York Central Freight Train.
The regular Engineer of this spur-line from Brookville to Connersville was an aging "Casey Jones" with enough seniority to drive the "20th Century Limited" -
But he chose to spend his last years on a line that rarely exceeded 10 miles per hour, in South-Eastern, Indiana. His nickname was "Popeye" - We were privileged to "drive" his locomotive and train, after learning the "whistle locations" - Plus a requirement to stop before crossing US#52 and putting out a flare, near Charlie Curry's Garage, in Metamora, Indiana. It was a boyhood dream fulfilled.
Substitute Engineer For "Popeye"
Next Stop - Carol Drive, Richmond, Indiana -
"Say Hello" To Rita & Mandy:
Rita - Mandy - Bob
The Cline Family settles, on Carol Drive, in West Richmond, and Rita becomes a "Welcome Wagon Hostess" representing Kurdy's Chevrolet Dealership. She then makes her mark in Richmond's History Book by defeating "Johnson and Nixon" in two separate Wayne County Elections.
"Johnson & Nixon" Defeated:
Yep! - It's true, Rita ran against Dr. Johnson, a Distinguished Professor of Earlham College, then against a well-known Richmond Industrialist, Floyd Nixon, defeating each in a State Election. Details? - You'll have to ask Rita, and Mandy says she ain't talkin' -
Rita is dubbed "Mayor" by her friends, and the guy with the PE Number, well, he is promoted to Sergeant at the Connersville State Police Post and remains active in the Criminal Investigation Division.
Returning home, shortly after the noon hour, from Friday Night Post Command Duty, a loud downtown explosion is heard at the Cline Home on Abington Pike, and it's back to work for PE 248.
Death On Main Street:
"Morgue & Body Identification Duty"
Shown in the photograph: Trooper Charles Taylor & Sergeant Robert Cline, of the Connersville State Police Post, and First Sergeant Joe Normington of the State Police Headquarters Laboratory.
On April 6, 1968, Downtown Richmond, Indiana, population 38,000, was rocked by a massive explosion that forever changed the face of this significant Eastern Indiana city.
The explosion, followed by fire, occurred in the basement of the Marting Arms Store, in the heart of Richmond, and destroyed several blocks of the downtown business area. 41 people were killed plus over 150 seriously injured. The Indiana State Police were charged with body recovery and identification, and the above photograph shows State Police Officers in the process of identifying a victim, taken to the Richmond Armory Morgue.
This event projected Sergeant Cline to "Catastrophe Control Leadership" at future, state-wide: Major Airline Crashes, Explosions, Fires, and Natural Disasters.
"Time Out" From Police Duty - For Community Service - The Richmond YWCA:
The clock moves forward and Rita retires from politics, undefeated, and becomes involved with YWCA Sports, along with Mandy who does everything possible to avoid the Manager.
Sergeant (and Mrs.) Cline worked with the Richmond, Indiana YWCA fast-pitch softball program for four years (1966-1969) managing a teen-age girls team in the Richmond City Recreational Program. They persuaded the City Parks Department to build a special Girls Stadium, plus secured the 4-year sponsorship of their team by the Diet Rite Cola Bottling Company.
The Diet Rite Team, in three years, became City Champs and repeated their City Championship the fourth year. The photograph below shows the team in their first Championship Year, along with Sergeant Cline, left side, and Rita Cline on the right. Oh Yes, Mandy Cline stands next to her father.
Fast-Pitch Softball League City-Champs
"We worked them, hard, through losing seasons to make them Champions, and I believe the managers of the program were, also, winners" - Rita Cline.
YWCA, Diet Rite Cola, Richmond Parks Department, and the Team! Thank you.
Back To "Policing" Crime Laboratory Field Service Expands:
Superintendent Zeis - Sergeant/T Cline
The Department expanded its Criminal Investigative Services by placing a mobile crime laboratory in each of the State's Ten State Police Districts. Sergeant Cline from the Connersville Post pioneered the idea and is shown with the State Police Superintendent, in July of 1957, when the program was launched.
Chemical Testing For Intoxication:
- Copy From 1957 Color Slides -
DWI Suspect & Sgt. Cline|
It was 1952 - Trooper Cline attended the Chemical Test For Intoxication School, held at Indiana University's School of Medicine under the auspices of Dr. Rolla N. Harger. Dr. Harger was a Professor of Bio-Chemisty on the University's Staff, when he invented a breath test for intoxication, he called the Drunkometer.
R. Cline would later be promoted to Sergeant and called to assist at Chemical Test Schools, at the Medical Center, for the next fifteen years. Dr. Robert Forney, then State Toxicologist and successor to Dr. Harger, named Cline and another District Techinican, Bob VanDyke of Charlestown, to the position of "Technical Assistant" at the IU Med Center training facility.
Working at "Chem-Test Schools" twice yearly gave both Cline & VanDyke experience and insight into the many problems generated by the topic itself, and our photos, from old color slides taken at the Connersville State Police Post, is the actual testing of a suspected drunken driver.
Dr. Harger's contribution to "Chemcial Tests For Intoxication" gained him world-wide recognition in this field, and it encouraged State Police Captain Robert Borkenstein to follow the Drunkometer with his own invention, the Breathalyzer, that remained an alcohol testing standard for decades.
Instrumental Detection Of Deception:
- Copy From 1962 Color Slide -
Sergeant Robert Cline & Trooper Kenneth Houck
Lieutenant Charles Davis of the State Police Headquarters Laboratory authorized an experiment with a "Lie Detection Facility" at the Connersville District Headquarters and placed Sergeant Cline in charge of this study.
The photo shows Trooper Houck testing the equipment, using Sergeant Cline as the person tested. They are using a Stoelting Polygraph that measures blood pressure and respiration and a B&W Electronic Psychometer that measures electro-dermal response. The B&W is an invention of Detective Paul Wilhelm of the Dunnes Park State Police Post.
Both Officers shown are licensed operators, and for this Item we comment on a case of importance in the Connersville area -
During 1965 two service station attendants were found murdered in the back room of a South-Richmond service station. Investigators were given information that a man from Liberty, Indiana may be involved, and he was picked up by State Police Detectives for questioning. He denied any knowledge of the crime, but the investigators had reason to suspect this man and transported him to the Connersville Post for a "Lie Detector" test.
The man was tested using the above equipment by Sergeant Cline, and the test results indicated the suspect to be guilty of the double murder - Murder where the killer marched the two service station attendants, at gunpoint, into the back of the service staton, made them kneel down, and shot each in the back of their heads. Seven children lost their fathers by this double killing.
During the post-test discussion, when James Pruett, the suspect, was apprised of the test results, Pruett admitted to Cline he killed the station attendants and expressed his desire to "take their place" -
The criminal trial was venued to Winchester, Indiana, where the jury found him guilty of 1st Degree Murder, and the Circuit Court Judge invoked the death penalty. Sergeant Cline was the State's star witness.
This case is related as one of 1,258 conducted by Sergeant Cline prior to his moving from the Criminal Investigation Division to Administration, and to those who have have read this Item and requested more details - There it is.
The National Academy Of The FBI:
The Seal Of The FBI National Academy
During the Summer of 1935, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover established a training program for chosen law enforcement officers, from State and Local Agencies. It became the National Academy of The FBI.
The FBI Academy sought career, and experienced, police officers with mid-level and upper-management skills to attend this intensive three-month training program at FBI Facilities in Washington, D.C.
The curriculum focused on leadership and management training and consisted of courses relating to Management Science, Behavioral Science, Law, Education, Forensic Science, Health/Fitness, along with Developing Firearms Proficiency.
The 83rd Session Of The FBI National Academy:
For The Indiana State Police, the route to The FBI National Academy starts when the State Police Superintendent selects a Department Member, of his choice, and submits the nominee's name to the Special Agent In Charge of the Indianapolis FBI Office for consideration.
One day, in 1968, Sergeant Cline, having completed 20 Years State Police Service, was summoned to State Police Superintendent Robert O'Neal's Office, and his trip to Indianapolis was filled with concern -
What does the Superintendent want with me??
Later, Cline would be on the "other end" of such directives - but that's another story.
Superintendent O'Neal advised he was submitting Sergeant Cline's name to the FBI for future appointment to the FBI National Academy. Subsequently, the FBI investigated and approved Sergeant Cline to be a member of the FBI National Academy's 83rd Session, scheduled for March to June of 1969 - Wow!
March of 1969, Sergeant Cline was again summoned to Indianapolis for a meeting with FBI Special Agent In Charge, James Nagle, and (then) State Police Superintendent Robert K. Konkle. Here Cline was cleared for the FBI National Academy, and he was off to Washington, D.C.
James Nagle, Sergeant Cline, Superintendent Konkle
"Five-Hash-Marks" on the Blouse Sleeve indicate 20 Years Indiana State Police Service.
FBI Academy Training Begins:
For three months in 1969, the building shown below was the principal "academic-location" for the FBI National Academy's 83rd Session. It is the United States Department of Justice Building, located at 950 Pennsylvania Avenue, and
during 1969 it was Headquarters of the FBI.
- Copy From 1969 FBI Bulletin -
Department Of Justice Building Washinton, D.C.
While firearms training and several "special-areas" of instruction require
residence-change to the FBI Training Facility at Quantico, Virginia, the 83rd Session, like many classes before it, spent the majority of their classroom responsibilities in Room 5235 of the Department of Justice Building.
Room 5235 of the Department of Justice Building is well know as the FBI National Academy Training Room. However, at the start of World War II, it was the Trial Court Room for Nazi Saboteurs who landed on American Soil, from German U-Boats, to commit Acts of War "directly" on America's Homeland.
- Copy From 1969 Color Slide -
Room 5235 Plaque
We pause for a moment to acknowledge Special Agent James V. Cotter who was with the 83rd Session from day one, when he set the no-nonsense tone of the FBI Academy, to our graduation day, when he read an Irish Blessing to the class, as we left Room 5235 for the last time.
Inspector Cotter, Thank You!
From The Classroom - To The Firearms Ranges:
The One Hundred Police Officers from the 83rd Session of the FBI National Academy were taken by bus to FBI Firearms Ranges, located on the U.S. Marine Base at Quantico, Virginia, for several days comprehensive firearms training.
The Class stayed in the Marine Barracks and was turned over to FBI Range Personnel who provided both individual and team instruction. Firearms used were: High-Powered Rifle, Shotgun, Thompson Sub Machine Gun, and the Colt or Smith & Wesson Hand-Gun. There were practice sessions and "timed-record-scoring" for each weapon.
The Hand-Gun Course was the FBI Practical Pistol Course, where timed firing is executed at 7, 25, 50 and 60 yards, using both weak and strong hand shooting. For the "era" of this writing, the PPC Course was adopted by hundreds of Police Agencies Nationwide.
Perhaps no part of the FBI Firearms Ranges has received more publicity than their famous "Hogans Alley" where the Shooter is confronted by rapidly changing shoot/don't shoot situations.
From FBI National Academy material presented to each member of the 83rd Training Session, the following photograph is featured -
If you remember James Stewart in the FBI Story Movie, and Inspector Erskine of the FBI Television Series, Hogans Alley will be familiar to readers.
From Firearms Ranges To Firearms Identification:
The FBI Crime Lab -
In the photograph below, Sergeant Cline is receiving personal instructions from a FBI Special Agent in the Firearms Identification Section of the FBI Crime Lab, and the weapon examined is a duplicate of the "Rifle" Lee Harvey Oswald used to assassinate President John Kennedy in Dallas, Texas.
FBI Agent & Sergeant Robert Cline
The FBI Director & 83rd NA Session Graduation:
As the 83rd Session of the FBI Academy concluded, there was an opportunity to make final visits to several areas of the Department of Justice Building, and Indiana's Sergeant Cline recorded the following photograph - with apology for the quality, but it is a Historic Item.
- Copy From 1969 Snapshot -
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover's Desk
- Invitation To The White House -
The White House - East Room
- National Academy Graduation - The White House -
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover - President Nixon - Sergeant Cline
Can you imagine a "Kid From Osgood, Indiana" invited to the White House to shake hands with the President of The United States of America?
Also attending the White House Ceremony, from Indiana, were Indiana State Police Superintendent Robert Konkle, Rita Cline and Amanda Cline, Sergeant Cline's wife & daughter.
White House Entrance - 1969:
- Copy From 1969 Color Slide -
Rita Cline - Superintendent Konkle - Mandy Cline
"NA" Graduates Authorized To Wear
The FBI National Academy Lapel Pin.
"Years Of Change" Ahead:
1970 And 1971:
The opportunity presented itself for our Personage to move from the Investigation Division, at Connersville, to Post #41 First Sergeant, and after serving as Connersville's over-night Duty Commander, every other Friday or Saturday night for 16 years. It was time to put this experience to full-time administrative matters.
District #41 F/Sergeant
District #41 Lieutenant
Connersville Post Commander
Little did he know what the next 11 years would bring - For he thought he would surely finish his State Police Career at the Connersville Post as the Post's District Commander - Then the unexpected happens -
Indiana State Police Superintendent Calls:
Microwave Phone Rings
"This Is The Superintendent"
The "Connersville (1948-1971) Years" ended with the microwave phone call from State Police Superintendent Robert Konkle, who advised Robert Cline now District #41 Commander, he was promoted to Captain and given responsibility for the South-Eastern Quadrant of the State of Indiana, known as Area #4.
The assignment was Five (5) State Police Districts: Connersville, Versailles, Seymour, Charlestown, and Indianapolis. The Superintendent instructed Cline to be at Quartermaster, for new insignia at 8:00AM the following Monday, and then proceed to his office for a meeting with Colonel Sam Burch.
Area #4 Commander:
Captain Cline - Now Unit #20
One Aspect Of Unit #20's New Responsibilities:
Area Command Duties are quite varied, when one is responsible for State Police Operations in a Quadrant of the State of Indiana, and the selection of an Assistant Area Commander is primary to any number of tasks. For Area #4, Lieutenant Bill Klein (Madison, Indiana Native) was chosen and served the Area for several years.
In the next photograph presented - State Police Personnel from the Charlestown Post are standing the Annual Spring Inspection and participating in a Memorial Service for those killed in line of duty.
Lieutenant Bill Klein, Captain Bob Cline, and the Charlestown Troopers are Saluting, following the Honor Roll Reading, while a Bugler sounds Taps. The First Sergeant in the photo is Lloyd Monroe, New Washington, Indiana Native.
Memorial Services Charlestown Post
In our next photograph, State Police Inspection moves to the Versailles Post, where Lieutenant Norman Huelson is handing his State Police Revolver to Captain Cline for Sidearm Inspection.
Lieutenant Huelson & Captain Cline
The photographer caught this moment (and obvious "expressions" of respect) when two "long-time" friends have the opportunity to participate together in an Official State Police Tradition.
A few years ago, Trooper Norman Huelson was a positive influence and source of assistance for a young man from Osgood seeking a State Police Career.
Colonel Burch Summons Unit #20 To GHQ - Indy 500 Date Approaches:
Colonel Sam Burch pointed out the time had arrived for Captain Cline to assume
an active role in State Police Operations at the Indianapolis 500 Mile Race, and he assigned Cline a Jeep Patrol Vehicle and Driver (Trooper Bill Fox) to
police and control traffic on the main route to the Indy 500 - "Infamous" 16th Street - The year, 1972.
"This should be a section within the (248 Item) itself" - So look for a lot of photographs, and we start with an aerial view of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Complex, my timeline, as it sits in the Town of Speedway, Indiana.
Indy 500 Race Track
Thoughts Through Space:
Surveying the Speedway Facility prior to the 1972 Memorial Day Event took me back in time, not unlike Marty McFly of "Back To The Future" Fame, and two moments crossed my mind - Hence the following photographs:
1. My 500 Mile Race "Hero" of Pre-WWII days.
2. The Start of the 1946 "Post-War" 500 Mile Race.
My Dad started taking me to "The Track" in 1935, when Kelly Petillo was the winner, and in 1946 Dad and I were in the Grandstand, with a film camera, when we captured the start lap. The Pace Car was driven by Henry Ford II and Wilbur Shaw, Speedway President, is seen standing and looking back at the Starting Field, as the Pace Car pulls into the Pits.
Indy 500 - 1946 Start
Seth Klein waved the Green Flag, and the start of the 500 Mile Race was underway and later described by Wilbur Shaw as a "Mechanical Tornado" - Yes!
Back From The "Past" & Making A 500 Mile Race "Mark" In The Future:
Thus began several years of administrative responsibilities at the World Famous Racing Facility, and there were both difficult and rewarding times. However, thanks to State Police Officers like Bill Fox and, most of all, Marv Smalley we were able to make the "Trek" from 16th Street to the top floor of the Control Tower.
The "Snake Pit" - A Difficulty:
An "area" inside the Southwest Turn of the Speedway, over several years, developed into a location known for excessive drinking, fighting, streaking, and other unsavory behavior, and during the Time Trials of 1973 an estimated 10,000 persons engaged in activities that soon reached the level of a riot. This area earned, and deserved, the "Snake Pit" name.
"Snake Pit" 1st Day Of Qualifications
"Snake Pit" 2nd Day Of Qualifications
It appeared that some folks needed a bit of assistance from the "Snake Pit" to the Marion County Jail Bus, and this one, while mugging for the camera, gets a personal escort from Unit #20.
Indianapolis Star Item:
Boost From ISP's Lt. Colonel Dillman
Indianapolis Star "Post-Race" Clipping
There's more to "The Indy 500" than the "South-West" Turn -
From The "Snake Pit" To The indy 500 "Race-Track-Pits" & Beyond:
Stars & "Super Stars" In The 500 Mile Race Track Pits -
Out first presentation is "Super Tex" - No doubt the greatest open wheel driver of all time. "AJ" won the Indianapolis 500 Four (4) times, as a driver, and One (1) time as a car owner. He was a Champion in Sprinters, Champ Cars, along with Indy - Plus he won the Daytona 500 driving a stock car.
A.J. Foyt, Jr.
Please note the (xxx) near the driver's seat on the curving windshield. It is the Indiana State Police Shield that "AJ" considered a good luck charm on his Race Car. The Indiana State Police was honored to provide the Decal, and we were privileged to be at the "Brickyard" during his days of glory.
IACP Expert Visits:
Our next "Indy Pits Presentation" is Dr. Irving Goldaber, an expert for the International Association of Chiefs of Police in the areas of Crowd Control and Hostage Situations. Dr. Goldaber came to Indianapolis to study what he called the "Largest Gated Sporting Event" in the World, and he was the guest of the Indiana State Police Department during his stay in Indianapolis.
The following photograph was taken in the Indy 500 Pits -
Dr. Irving Goldaber, Mrs. Goldaber & Rita Cline
For a moment the story jumps to 1985 when Dr. Goldaber, at a National Symposium, invited this author to present a "Case Study On The Indianapolis 500" to an International Group studying Crowd Control at a well-known American University.
Meanwhile "Back In The Indy 500 Pits" With PE 248:
Our favorite "time at the track" was visiting with the drivers, when they had a moment to chat. So many were glad to see us "stop-by" their garage or pit location. Billy Vukovich, Jr. wanted to talk about our service revolver and Sheldon Kinser, from Bloomington, Indiana, allowed Major Cooper and Unit 9 to put a Safety Sticker on his Indy-Car during a Pit Visit.
Indy Driver Sheldon Kinser & Unit 9
Lieutenant "Bud" Monroe & Indy 500 Winner Johncock In The "STP" Garage -
Driver Gordon Johncock & ISP Lt. Lloyd Monroe
Did we mention the Indianapolis 500 was one of our favorite "Policing" Details? The list of "well-knowns" we met could go on and on, so we'll mention a couple of them starting with Tony Hulman. We found Mr. Hulman to be warm and friendly, who always had time to talk with us. He was a true gentleman, and we understand why "AJ" had such respect for this man - who along with Wilbur Shaw, saved the Motor Speedway, following World War Two.
Our favorite "Fan" was probably Paul Newman. We visited with him at the top of the Scoring Tower, and he borrowed our field-glasses to scan the crowd in the grandstands. Paul Newman inquired what was our favorite movie in which he acted - We said, "Cool Hand Luke" or "The Towering Inferno" - Paul Newman
left us a memento, that is locked away in a safe for Mandy.
Whoops, something has changed, as we take a second look at PE 248's Photo with Sheldon Kinser?
Superintendent Robert DeBard Promotes PE 248 & Expands His Assignment:
During 1976 Superintendent DeBard changed the State Police Field Command Structure by appointing two "Field Majors" who would report directly to a "Field Operations" Lieutenant Colonel at General Headquarters. He made each Field Major responsible for One Half of the State of Indiana.
The Superintendent named Steve Woodworth for the Northern Half of Indiana and Robert Cline for all State Police Districts South of US#40. The "Southern Sector" included: Connersville, Versailles, Seymour, Charlestown, Terre Haute, Jasper, Bloomington, Evansville, Putnamville and Indianapolis.
Ten Districts and a lot of miles to travel, but there was still time to take an active part in various Department Activities, such as Recruiting, and the following photograph shows Trooper Joyce Blanford, and Major Cline, at her Graduation from Indiana State Police Basic Training at the Plainfield Academy.
Trooper Blanford, Recruited (by Unit 9) from the Richmond City Police Department, is shown with the Donald Flint Academic Achievement Award, indicating she was "First" in her Recruit Class -
Newly Appointed Trooper Joyce Blanford & Major Cline
The "Field Major Years" were among the most memorable and satisfying, for they allowed this Personage to inter-act with basic "Policing Functions" of the Indiana State Police Department - Especially the Districts and Troopers who made the Department the Major Player it is, it was, and it will be.
"Back In Time" our thoughts go to a trip to the Evansville Post where Trooper Joe Badger walked in the "Post" Door and said, "Major what are you doing here?" Our answer, "We came from Indianapolis to ride with You!" -
That "ride" is remembered, but before we leave this topic, it is our privilege to present a Department Photograph of Accident Reconstructionist Joe Badger, at the scene of a Fatal Crash, somewhere in Southwestern Indiana.
Sergeant Joe Badger
Return To GHQ -
Midwest Governor's Conference - July 25-28, 1976:
The Assignment -
Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Raney, Deputy Superintendent for Field Operations, advised Unit 9 - "PE 248 Was Selected!" - Detail Commander for the Midwest Governor's Conference to be held in Indianapolis four days in July of 1976. The good news was, Lieutenant Marvin Smalley of Field Operations would be the Assistant Detail Commander and Architect.
Governor Otis Bowen was hosting a Conference of 15 Midwest Governors, Indiana included, at the Indianapolis Hilton Hotel, and it was an honor to be a part of this high-profile assigment.
Much could be written about the Conference, but it will suffice to say the planning of the event by Lieutenant Marvin Smalley, and the professional approach by those assigned, affirmed the Mission and Character of the Indiana State Police Department.
Midwest Governor's Conference State Dinner -
Lt. Smalley, Sgt. Merritt, F/Sgt. Gulling, Major Cline
Another Change -
Superintendent John Shettle Summons R. Cline To GHQ Position As Enforcement Division Commander:
Arriving at the Third Floor of the State Office Building can bring any number of feelings, especially as one settles into the Enforcement Division Office at Indiana State Police General Headquarters. However, two individuals made the transition from "Field to Office" a positive and rewarding experience.
One was Superintendent John Shettle, who was great to work for, and the other nod goes to (then Lieutenant) Marvin Smalley, who accomplished more "Staff Production & Support" than Unit #9 could ever have imagined.
Like the last line in "Casablanca" - It was the begining of long & lasting friendships.
Next - The Enforcement Division & United States Presidents:
Enforcement Division Commanders are busy people, and as we write our "Moment In Time" - We'll take a bit of space, from this Section, to deal with
"Presidents" and the privilege of "getting close" as they come to and through the State of Indiana.
We've already dealt with a "visit" to the White House & President Richard Nixon in a previous section, and now we turn to President Gerald Ford making history when he stayed "overnight" at the Indiana Governor's Residence located at 46th and Meridian Streets.
The Governor's Residence Security is a year-round responsibility of the State Police, but with the President of the United States stopping-by for an "overnight" stay - The Enforcement Division moved quickly to meet the challenge and again called upon Lieutenant Marv Smalley for a special security plan.
Our next photo was taken in front of the Indiana Governor's Residence as President Gerald Ford was preparing to leave, and he took time to thank those responsible for his security. The photo quality is not what we like to present, but the historical significance is apparent.
Copied From A Snapshot
President Gerald Ford & State Police Personnel
In the photo: President Ford, Major Cline, Lieutenant Smalley, Lieutenant
Jones, Sergeant Brackman, Trooper Harte, and State Police Chaplain Father Cooley.
"The Presidents" - Turning Back The Clock To Fall 1948:
President Harry Truman announced he would be speaking in Indianapolis, and from the Connersville State Police Post, Troopers Osborn and Cline were assigned to Union Station, in Downtown Indianapolis, to meet the President's Train.
"Just the Beginning" of a long list of Presidents and Presidential Candidate
Security Details, involving PE 248.
At the Indianapolis assignment, Osborn and Cline were stationed at President Truman's Railroad Car, in Union Station, where The President alighted and traveled to the World War Memorial for a major campaign speech.
Cline's task at the War Memorial:
1. Stand behind President Truman as he speaks to a large crowd on the War Memorial Plaza.
2. Keep all potential troublemakers away from the President.
3. Mission accomplished, and President Truman lived up to his "Give 'em Hell" reputation.
The following "Commemorative" is presented:
Harry S. Truman|
Ronald W. Reagan|
Can you imagine, in your wildest dreams, a kid from Osgood involved with the security of every Presidential Candidate, except Carter, from Harry Truman to Ronald Reagan?
Well - He Was!
Turning The Page - February, 1977 - Tony Kiritsis Makes Hoosier News:
The words "Hostage & Terrorism" entered Indiana's News Media, Government Agencies, and the Indiana State Police Department, for perhaps the first time in a meaningful way, on that day?
Richard Hall - Fred Heckman - Tony Kiritsis
Courtesy Indianapolis Star: This photo was "Flashed Nationwide" of a Hostage Situation, In Indianapolis, involving a mortgage broker, Richard Hall, Tony Kiritsis, a disgruntled mortgage seeker, and announcer Fred Heckman, from an Indianapolis Radio Station, who was seeking to mediate the crisis.
Just prior to the Kiritsis incident, Major Cline and Captain Jay Romack, of the Indiana State Police, were involved in a comphrensive program that would propel them to the forefront of Hostage-Terrorism Training and Response, within the Ranks of their Department.
Cline and Romack attended several International Association of Chiefs of Police Training Sessions, and in fact, were at a United States Department of Justice Anti-Terrorism Training Program in Springfield, Illinois, when Tony Kiritsis took his "Hostage" on Market Street in Downtown Indianapolis.
Cline and Romack's National Trainers included, H.H.A. Tony Cooper, PhD - University of Texas, Brian Jenkins of The Rand Corporation, Dr. Richard W. Kobetz and Dr. Irving Goldaber of the IACP, plus New York City's top Hostage Experts, Captain Frank Boltz and Detective Harvey Schlossberg, PhD.
It was a "fast-moving" time.
Meanwhile Back At The Enforcement Division Office:
Our 30th (1948-1978) Indiana State Police Service-Year arrived, and the following "Anniversary Photograph" is presented along with our expression of respect for Superintendent John Shettle. He was intelligent, fair, honest, and a gentleman.
Superintendent Shettle & Major Cline
One morning the Superintendent entered my office, and I stood up as was my practice - You see, my respect for the State Police Structure was always foremost in my approach to any and all assignments.
John Shettle said he was asking the State Police Board to promote me to Lieutenant Colonel, and he was assigning me Deputy Superintendent for Field Operations of the Indiana State Police Department!
Field Operations commands the General Policing Responsibility of the State Police Department; directing Investigative, Enforcement and Special Services through Two Divisions, Seven Sections, Four Areas, and Nineteen District Commanders. All but 35 of the Department's (then) 1135 Authorized Police Personnel, plus 108 Weighmasters were assigned and responsible to Field Operations.
Lieutenant Colonel Cline - Now Unit #4
We're Kind Of Proud!
Governor Otis Bowen then invited us to his Office, in the Indiana State House, for a photo opportunity where the Governor presented Lieutenant Colonel Cline with the Sagamore of The Wabash Award.
Governor Otis Bowen & Lieutenant Colonel Robert Cline
It is Displayed in "Our Home" Today -
Homeland Security - Vintage 1978:
The United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and The International Association Of Chiefs Of Police called Lieutenant Colonel Cline in 1978. Each had an administrative "Protective Services" objective for his consideration.
1. U.S. Nuclear Test Site - Mercury, Nevada - 1978:
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission chose four (4) individuals from the State of Indiana to attend a Radiological Emergency Response Course in Nevada -They were:
Dr. Paul Zeimer, Nuclear Scientist, Purdue Univrsity.
Mr. Hal Stocks, Chief Radiological Officer, Indiana Department of Health.
Captain Jay Romack, Indiana State Police, Emergency Response Team Director.
Lt. Colonel Robert Cline, State Police Field Operations, possessing "Radiological-Study" background.
The significance of this event at America's Nuclear Bomb Testing Facility deserves mention in our document, even though "Readers" will understand a ban on photographs because of National Security at Mercury, Nevada.
The following was provided by Training Staff -
Sedan Crater - Atomic "Device" Test Site
Expectation from Indiana's Attendees was high, for when the rigorous training was completed, the four (4) persons mentioned in the opening of this section were charged with considerable leadership responsibility, should a transportation (or other) accident occur, involving a radiation threat.
For the record, here's how PE 248's involvement in "Radiological Matters" was launched in the Late-1950's.
- Copy From 1958 Color Slide -
Connersville Post - Radiological Officer
2.Target Terrorism - Providing Protective Services - IACP Program 1978:
During the Fall of 1978, The International Association of Chiefs of Police, a leader in Police Training, offered a program entitled, Target Terrorism: Providing Protective Services, with the main focus of the course, Administration of the topic.
The designer was Dr. Richard W. Kobetz, IACP Bureau of Operations and Research Director, who described the course as "most of it" taking place outside the classroom setting, near Winchester, Virginia.
The Kobetz "Tasks" -
Introduction to defensive driving taught by BSR Counter-Terrorism Driving School Personnel.
Familiarization & training with new defensive equipment and a variety of weapons utilizing innovative techniques.
Identification & demonstration of explosive & incendiary devices utilized against personnel, property & vehicles.
Field exercises involving vehicle movement & simulated assassination attempts, hostage takings & kidnappings.
That Was 1978 - Sounds Like Today!
The enrollment was limited to 39 Attendees, and each person was personally chosen by Dr. Kobetz, following the submission of the applicants resume.
Lt. Colonel Cline made the list.
Surviving this Training Session was not unlike Basic Training at Keesler Field during WWII, but survive we did and presented is a photo of the "Student" with the instructor following a series of "J" turns and various maneuvers that were surely invented by Junior Johnson!
From Section 1. Mentioned Above -
Race Car "Driver-Instructor" & PE 248
There's More -
Following the International Association of Chiefs of Police Winchester Session, there were several follow-up "Hostage-Terrorism" courses, including one that landed both principals in New Orleans.
Here we are, following a Training Session, in the French Quarter -
Photo by RAC.
Robert Cline & Dr. Richard W. Kobetz
Personnel successfully completing Dr. Richard W. Kobetz's training schedule become members of a group known as the "Nine Lives Associates" and qualified to wear a distinctive lapel pin.
We have spent considerable space with Dr. Kobetz and his approach to training students who deal with Hostage and Protective Services, and we are pleased to report Dr. Kobetz is still actively engaged with these matters as we write.
Because of his guidance, and persons previously mentioned like Dr. Goldaber and Brian Jenkins, we were able to write and lecture on this topic, plus create a Hostage Response Program for the Indiana State Police.
Meanwhile - Back In The State Office Building:
Superintendent John Shettle seeks, yet another, promotion of Robert Cline and submits his name to the State Police Board for promotion to Assistant Superintendent of the State Police - Carrying the Rank of Colonel.
This would make Colonel Cline only the "Second Officer" in the History of the Indiana State Police Department to have served in every rank from Probationary Trooper to Full Colonel.
"Bobby Joe Cline From Osgood" Has Climbed The Ladder
State Police Colonel Robert Cline - Now Unit 2
A.M. Cline, Emily, and Florence would be proud like Rita and Amanda -
Equally Important -
Department Member Marv Smalley, considered both "friend and associate" of PE 248, is promoted by the Superintendent to the Rank of Captain, and his already busy role at State Police Headquarters is expanded.
Readers will note his name is mentioned in the "text of this item" several times, and in the following photograph Captain Smalley is shown playing a pivotal "review-role" in 1980, when it was decided to collect, compose, and design a Department Yearbook.
Yearbook Title - "Second To None!"
Yearbook Architects At Work
Captain Smalley & First Sergeant Hibbert
We believe the 1980 Yearbook to be the Department's "best ever" - After reviewing past & present Editions.
Rounding Third & Heading For Home:
Superintendent John Shettle presents Colonel Bob Cline with a Million Mile Accident Free Plaque and says, "How in the world did you wear out Twenty (20) Indiana State Police Cars, over almost 34 years, and drive over One Million Miles without an accident?"
Superintendent Shettle & Colonel Cline
"I Learned To Drive In Osgood!"
"10-42 Day" Arrives:
In June of 1981 Superintendent John Shettle invited members of Colonel Cline's Family to his Office, at General Headquarters in the State Office Building, for a "Goodbye Session" as PE 248 prepared to leave the facility the last time, as an Indiana State Trooper.
John Shettle, Amanda Ferris, Robert Cline, Rita Cline
Exiting the State Office Building, Captain Marv Smalley stopped Colonel Cline for a photo in the "entry-way" and to present him with a "Formal Photograph"
from the 1980 Yearbook.
We Pause Before Leaving State Police Headquarters -
Marv Smalley & Bob Cline - "Projects & Memories"
The State Police Yearbook Presents -
As "Retired" Colonel Bob Cline, along with Rita and Mandy, traveled east to their home in Richmond, they reflected upon how (all) their lives had been affected by a long career represented, perhaps, in the concluding photo.
1948 - To - 1981
From Carolyn Shettle:
Shakespeare's Henry V
The Primary Text Of "A Moment In Time" Concludes!
View People, Places, And Things Connected To "A Moment In Time" - Open Here!